Living Oceans Studies Coral Reefs In The Bahamas
Nassau, The Bahamas – Energy behaviour in virgin coral reef communities taught seven Bahamian researchers with the team of Living Oceans Foundation’s scientists how natural law operates in the isolated marine environment of Cay Sal Bank. They spent 20 days at sea with 18 people in their research team and discovered evidence of the island being submerged, possibly by conditions of climate change.
“We chose The Bahamas to be the first research site of the Global Reef Expedition and the particular area we have chosen to study on this first project is called Cay Sal Bank, Bahamas. It’s very close to Cuba and it’s about 130 miles due South of Miami on its own bank. For the last three weeks, we found this is really an amazing ecosystem, quite unique in a lot of respects,” said Phillip Renaud, executive director of the Khaled bin Sultan Living Oceans Foundation.
“We’ve discovered this is quite a shallow, submerged platform and nearly 99 percent of the bank is submerged.”
According to the Foundation’s director, about 15,000 years ago geologically, Cay Sal Bank was a large island, at least three times the size of New Providence. It covered 6,000 square kilometres or 70 miles on each side of a large triangular patch of calcium carbonate land mass.
“I’ve seen other articles that describe this as a drowned carbonate platform, and so it’s ancient coral reefs that have created the base of this bank. As sea level has risen over the last 14,000 years, and it came up to its present level, it basically submerged the whole thing,” said Captain Renaud.
“You can imagine there were trees, and birds, and bats, and animals, and probably humans that existed on this island for a long period of time. Then sea levels rose and it basically drowned the whole bank. It’s a fascinating place to study.”
The research group used a new satellite system called World View II and the company that launched the satellite is called Digital Globe out of Colorado in the United States. The Living Oceans Foundation is the first to use its technology of multi-spectral satellite imagery to do marine research. The familiar theory of relativity unfolded into reality for the scientific team, as ocean energy showed them how it governed its submerged systems of bodies to multiply its sustainability, beyond what was visible to both their naked and mechanical eyes.
“It’s mostly used for the military and government agencies and terrestrial based activities. But we are applying this imagery to the marine environment, and Cay Sal Bank will be the first area ever mapped by this high-resolution imagery,” said Captain Renaud.
“As scientists, looking at this imagery, we’re opening up almost a lost world. And it’s absolutely astounding to look at this imagery. There are literally hundreds of sinkholes, all across the Cay Sal Bank, and every one of those is a marvellous environment all in itself. We went diving on a couple of these and the whim of these sinkholes is full of fish activity, beautiful corals and then you drop down into these holes and there’s a whole other world. ”
The Foundation was founded in the United States by a Saudi royal benefactor, Prince Khaled bin Sultan, who is also the chairman. His Global Reef Expedition began in The Bahamas on April 27 and ended on the May 17 in Cay Sal Bank. They will now explore other Caribbean islands before returning to The Bahamas later this summer.
By Gena Gibbs
BAHAMAS INFORMATION SERVICES